Search This Blog

Selecting Film Bus Link Capacitors for High-Performance Inverter Applications

 In the world of high-performance inverters, choosing the right components is crucial for ensuring efficiency, reliability, and longevity. One such critical component is the film bus link capacitor. These capacitors play a vital role in stabilizing the DC bus voltage, reducing ripple, and handling high ripple currents. In this blog, we’ll delve into the key considerations for selecting film bus link capacitors tailored for high-performance inverter applications.

Understanding the Role of Film Bus Link Capacitors

Film bus link capacitors are employed in inverter circuits to:

  • Stabilize the DC bus voltage.
  • Minimize voltage ripple and noise.
  • Handle high ripple currents.
  • Improve overall inverter efficiency and reliability.

Given their importance, selecting the right capacitor is paramount. Let’s explore the factors to consider.

Key Factors to Consider

1. Capacitance Value

  • Required Capacitance: The first step is to calculate the required capacitance based on the inverter’s power rating, DC bus voltage, and acceptable voltage ripple. A precise calculation ensures the capacitor can store enough energy and filter out voltage fluctuations effectively.
  • Ripple Current Handling: Ensure the capacitor can handle the expected ripple current. Excessive ripple current can cause overheating and reduce the lifespan of the capacitor.

2. Voltage Rating

  • Operating Voltage: The capacitor’s voltage rating should exceed the maximum DC bus voltage, typically by a safety margin of 20-30%. This ensures it can handle normal operating conditions without breaking down.
  • Transient Voltage Tolerance: Inverters can experience voltage spikes and transients. Select capacitors that can tolerate these occurrences without damage.

3. Temperature Rating

  • Operating Temperature Range: Capacitors should operate reliably within the temperature range expected in the inverter environment. High temperatures can significantly affect performance and lifespan.
  • Thermal Management: Capacitors with good thermal properties can dissipate heat effectively, ensuring stable performance under high load conditions.

4. ESR (Equivalent Series Resistance)

  • Low ESR: Lower ESR is critical as it reduces power losses and minimizes heat generation, which is essential for maintaining high efficiency in inverters.
  • Performance Under Load: Ensure the ESR remains low under various operating conditions and load changes to maintain consistent performance.

5. ESL (Equivalent Series Inductance)

  • Low ESL: A low ESL is vital to minimize high-frequency noise and voltage spikes. This helps in maintaining the stability of the inverter, especially at high switching speeds.

6. Reliability and Lifespan

  • MTBF (Mean Time Between Failures): Choose capacitors with a high MTBF to ensure long operational life, taking into account factors like temperature and ripple current.
  • Manufacturer Reputation: Opt for capacitors from reputable manufacturers known for quality and reliability.

7. Physical Size and Mounting

  • Space Constraints: Ensure the physical size of the capacitor fits within the design constraints of the inverter.
  • Mounting and Connections: Consider the ease of mounting and the type of connections (e.g., screw terminals, snap-in, or solder pins) that are most suitable for your design.

8. Environmental Considerations

  • Humidity and Moisture Resistance: In harsh environments, select capacitors with appropriate protection against moisture and humidity.
  • Vibration and Shock Resistance: For mobile or industrial applications, ensure the capacitors can withstand mechanical stresses.

9. Cost and Availability

  • Budget Constraints: Balance the cost with performance and reliability to meet the project’s budget.
  • Supply Chain Stability: Ensure the chosen capacitors are readily available and have a stable supply chain to avoid delays.

10. Compliance and Standards

  • Regulatory Compliance: Verify that the capacitors meet relevant industry standards and certifications such as UL and IEC.
  • RoHS and REACH: Ensure compliance with environmental regulations like RoHS and REACH to avoid legal and environmental issues.


Selecting the right film bus link capacitors for high-performance inverter applications involves a careful balance of electrical, thermal, physical, and economic factors. A thorough analysis of the inverter’s operating conditions and requirements is essential. By considering capacitance, voltage rating, temperature tolerance, ESR, ESL, reliability, physical size, environmental factors, cost, and regulatory compliance, you can ensure that your inverter operates efficiently and reliably.

Consulting with capacitor manufacturers and leveraging application-specific guidelines can also provide valuable insights, helping you make an informed decision tailored to your specific needs. With the right capacitors in place, you’ll be well on your way to achieving optimal performance in your high-performance inverter applications.


  1. Bodo’s Power Systems - Film Capacitors in DC-Link Applications: Key Factors and Trends: Link

  2. TDK Electronics - Film Capacitors for Power Electronics: TDK Application Notes

  3. KEMET Electronics - Selecting Film Capacitors for Inverters: KEMET Technical Papers

  4. Vishay Intertechnology - Film Capacitors for High-Performance Power Conversion: Vishay Capacitor Selection Guide

  5. EPCOS AG - Film Capacitors in Power Applications: EPCOS Application Guide

These references provide detailed insights and technical guidance on selecting film capacitors, helping you make informed decisions for your inverter applications.

No comments

Popular Posts