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MOSFETs: Theory, Design, and Applications


"MOSFETs: Theory, Design, and Applications" is a comprehensive guide that equips readers with a deep understanding of Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor Field-Effect Transistors (MOSFETs) – a cornerstone of modern electronics. This book presents a thorough exploration of the fundamental principles, advanced design techniques, and diverse applications of MOSFETs, catering to students, engineers, and enthusiasts seeking to master this essential technology.

The book is structured into chapters that progressively delve into the world of MOSFETs, starting with a historical overview and the basic semiconductor principles that underpin their operation. It then distinguishes between different types of field-effect transistors, comparing Junction Field-Effect Transistors (JFETs) and MOSFETs. Importantly, it highlights the profound significance of MOSFETs in contemporary electronic devices, from digital circuits to power electronics.

A focal point of the book is Chapter 2, which explores the core MOSFET fundamentals. Readers gain insight into the internal structure of MOSFETs and the intricate interplay of charges that govern their operation. The chapter navigates through various modes of operation: cut-off, triode, and saturation, elucidating how the control of these states dictates MOSFET behavior. Threshold voltage, a pivotal parameter, is discussed in detail, showcasing its significance in MOSFET switching.

Chapter 3 delves into MOSFET characteristics and models, elucidating IV characteristics and introducing both small-signal and large-signal models. The extraction of essential MOSFET parameters is demystified, and the impact of technology scaling on MOSFET performance is thoroughly examined, reflecting the constant evolution of semiconductor fabrication.

The subsequent chapters explore diverse realms of MOSFET application. Chapter 4 takes readers through Moore's Law and transistor scaling, as well as deep submicron effects, unveiling advanced MOSFET architectures like FinFETs. Chapter 5 delves into the intricate MOSFET fabrication process, from silicon wafer preparation to contact formation. Circuit design is unveiled in Chapter 6, where readers grasp the MOSFET's dual role as a switch and amplifier, as well as its various configurations.

Chapters 7 and 8 delve into the realm of amplifiers and digital circuits, bridging theory with practical applications. The intricacies of single-stage and multi-stage amplifiers are covered, alongside CMOS inverter operation and various logic gates. Notably, the significance of transmission gates and pass transistors in digital circuitry is highlighted.

Power MOSFETs and their high-voltage applications come to the forefront in Chapter 9. Readers explore the structure, characteristics, and thermal management of power MOSFETs. Applications in power electronics, such as switching regulators, motor control, and inverters, illustrate the crucial role power MOSFETs play in modern technology.

Chapter 10 explores RF and microwave MOSFETs, explaining their high-frequency behavior, RF models, and usage in amplifiers and mixers. It covers RF circuit design and equips readers to navigate this complex field. Chapters 11 and 12 cover MOSFET reliability, aging, failure mechanisms, and AI-driven analysis. Chapter 13 envisions MOSFET's future with nanoscale devices, quantum-dot MOSFETs, and ethical considerations. This book offers a comprehensive grasp of MOSFET technology, blending theory, applications, and prospects to inspire innovation.

Hard Copy: MOSFETs: Theory, Design, and Applications by Prasun Barua (Author)

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