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Deciphering the gate charge-curve of power MOSFETs

The three parameters Ciss, Coss, Crss appearing on MOSFET data sheets in general relate to these parasitic capacitances. On data sheets which provide separate descriptions of static characteristics and dynamic characteristics, these are classified as dynamic characteristics. These are important parameters affecting switching performance.

Ciss is the input capacitance, and is the capacitance obtained by totaling the gate-source capacitance Cgs and the gate-drain capacitance Cgd; it is the capacitance of the MOSFET as a whole, as seen from the input. This capacitance must be driven (charged) in order to cause the MOSFET to operate, and so is a parameter of importance when studying the drivability of an input device or input losses. Qg is the amount of charge necessary to drive (charge) Ciss.

Coss is the output capacitance, obtained by adding the drain-source capacitance Cds and the gate-drain capacitance Cgs, and is the total capacitance on the output side. If Coss is large, a current arising due to Coss flows at the output even when the gate is turned off, and time is required for the output to turn off completely.

Crss is the gate-drain capacitance Cgd itself, and is called the feedback capacitance or the reverse transfer capacitance. If Crss is large, the rise in drain current is delayed even after the gate is turned on, and the fall in current is delayed after the gate is turned off. In other words, this parameter greatly affects switching speed. Qgd is the charge amount necessary to drive (charge) Crss.

These capacitances exhibit a dependence on the drain-source voltage VDS. As indicated in the graph, there is a tendency for capacitance values to be reduced as VDS is increased.

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